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亚行发布首份PPP监测报告

2017-11-27

新华社北京11月27日电(记者刘红霞)

    记者27日从亚洲开发银行获悉,亚行撰写并发布了第一份成员国政府和社会资本合作(PPP)监测报告,其中,报告认为中国在该领域拥有广阔前景。

  这份年度报告名为《PPP监测》,涉及中国、哈萨克斯坦、越南、泰国、菲律宾、印度、孟加拉国、印度尼西亚和巴布亚新几内亚等9个亚行成员国。在后续报告中,亚行将囊括更多国家。

  报告重点关注四项指标:监管框架、机构执行能力、PPP市场成熟度、金融机构。通过跟踪这些国家的PPP运营环境,亚行旨在为私营部门更高水平地参与PPP项目牵线搭桥。

  本年度的报告认为,能源领域是PPP发展最成功的领域之一,在所调查的9个国家中,热能和可再生能源发电均占主导地位,水资源领域也是PPP项目投资的一大重点。相较之下,医疗卫生和教育领域PPP项目在该地区发展普遍缓慢。

  报告指出,中国拥有最多融资已到位的PPP项目,通过吸引更多私营部门企业参与,中国在PPP领域将大有作为。

  报告认为,亚太地区PPP发展仍面临多重挑战,包括如何加强融资机制发展、推动投资者的进一步多元化、开发一批可靠的PPP项目以及将PPP扩展至能源以外的领域。

  “PPP项目是亚太地区国家发展的重要驱动力,但这需要一个有利的环境才能取得成功。”亚行行长中尾武彦表示,“这份报告将有助于政策制定者和投资者做出明智决策,更好地管理风险,并确保为PPP项目创建一个更稳定的环境。”

  截至目前,我国财政部已会同行业部委推出三批共697个PPP示范项目,投资额1.8万亿元,其中已落地项目572个,投资额1.5万亿元。第四批共征集各地申报项目1226个,投资额2.12万亿元。财政部还下发通知,为PPP项目规范运作划出8条红线,严防PPP异化为新的融资平台,推动PPP回归公共服务创新供给机制本源。

 

ADB Launches First Annual Report Monitoring Progress of PPP Environment in Member Countries

MANILA, PHILIPPINES (23 November 2017) — Countries in Asia and the Pacific with developed financial markets, strong local financial institutions, and diverse financing resources are more likely to secure public-private partnership (PPP) projects, according to a new Asian Development Bank (ADB) report.

The Public-Private Partnership Monitor tracks the development of the PPP business environment across ADB member countries and provides insights for governments on structuring a sound environment for PPPs. This is the first edition of the report, which surveyed 9 countries in the region: Bangladesh, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. It will be expanded to include additional countries in subsequent annual editions.

The report aims to benefit both policymakers and investors by providing in-depth information and data on the business environment for PPPs over time, enabling infrastructure developers to assess opportunities across countries and sectors. Annual updates to the report will flag important reforms that could attract or deter investors, allowing policy makers to monitor progress in the PPP environment.

“PPPs are crucial contributors to the development of countries in the Asia and Pacific region, but an enabling environment is required for these projects to succeed,” said ADB President Takehiko Nakao. “This report will help both policymakers and investors make informed decisions, better manage risk, and ensure a more stable environment for PPPs.”

The report reveals that India, the Philippines, and Thailand have the most developed financial markets, which can provide longer-tenor loans (above 10 years) in local currency to support infrastructure. These markets also have a wide array of financing options including project bond financing.

The report finds that the PRC has the most PPP projects that reach financial close. But there is scope to scale up PPPs in the country by drawing on more private sector companies.

Among the key trends identified in this year’s report is that energy generation is one of the most successful sectors in developing PPP frameworks. Thermal and renewable power generation are the dominant sectors for the majority of the countries surveyed in the PPP Monitor. The water sector is also a major area for PPP investment, with over 40% of PPP projects in the PRC in this sector.

With private sector participation in social infrastructure sectors still relatively new, progress on social sector PPPs, particularly in health and education, has remained slow across the region. India is the most successful and has implemented several PPPs in healthcare, although other countries have also started developing future PPP projects in the social sector.

Challenges remain for further PPP development, including enhanced development of financial facilities, further diversification of the investor base, managing the risk of fluctuating traffic in transport projects, developing a credible pipeline of PPP projects, and expanding toward sectors beyond energy.

“There are many ways countries can overcome challenges to PPP development,” said Alexander N. Jett, PPP Specialist in the Office of Public-Private Partnership. “Among the solutions are greater use of credit enhancements to attract better financing terms, reducing restrictions on foreign ownership in PPP contracts, and introducing annuity payment systems that are based on performance instead of traffic volume to mitigate traffic risk.

“Strengthening the institutional capacity to screen and prioritize projects can also help countries develop a credible pipeline of PPPs, while the development of sector specific regulation for non-energy sectors would address concerns about key bankability issues, such as foreign exchange risk.”

ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, ADB is celebrating 50 years of development partnership in the region. It is owned by 67 members—48 from the region. In 2016, ADB assistance totaled $31.7 billion, including $14 billion in cofinancing.


Attachment:

ADB PPP-monitor.pdf


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